Different Types of Elevators

elevator traction systems

There are several types of elevator traction systems. But it’s important to know which kind of elevator to pick? During this post, you’ll study the main types of elevators. In addition, you’ll learn the various dimensions to realize their transport objectives.

Elevators have one thing in common with all alternative, critical however unflashy technologies in our lives: We tend to take them without any consideration. But, very similar to the web or the recent water in your house, we quickly aggravate once elevators don’t operate properly.

As elevators are typically the unmarked building heroes, you most likely won’t receive high praise permanently elevator-style. Still, it’s necessary to approach the look method rigorously; therefore, all building components work along sort of a well-drilled team.

Passenger Elevator

A passenger elevator is an elevator traction systems meant for the transport of individuals through a building. These elevators will vary dramatically in size, speed, and interior choices counting on the employment of the elevator.

●   Capacity

Passenger elevators’ capacities are associated with the large floor area. Usually, passenger elevators are out there in capacities from 1,000 to 6,000 pounds (450–2,700 kg) in five hundred pounds (230 kg) increments.

●   Speed

Generally, passenger elevators in buildings with eight floors or less are hydraulic or elevator traction systems, which may reach speed to two hundred ft/min (1.0 m/s) hydraulic and up to five hundred ft/min traction. In buildings, up to 10 floors, traction and gearless elevators are probably to possess the speed to five hundred ft/min (2.5 m/s), and higher than ten floors, speeds begin at five hundred ft/min (2.5 m/s) up to 2000 ft/min (10 m/s).

Service Elevator

A freight elevator is found in several business buildings and meant to transport products through the buildings by staff, like the housework workers moving improvement carts through a building.

Service elevators also are utilized in hospitals for the transport of patients on hospital beds. These traction elevators systems are usually more substantial and more profound than regular elevators to navigate more critical things through the building.

Examples of service elevators are the big elevators you’d see in a very hospital or the elevators utilized by the housework workers in a very building. These elevators need to be broad and deep enough for big things like hospital beds to suit well.

Service elevators make it straightforward for employees to induce and transport products while not worrying guests or guests within the building. In hospitals mainly, the transportation of necessary materials and instrumentality without interruption is an absolute necessity.

Freight Elevator

An elevator is to maneuver significant hundreds, like cars or shipments in industrial buildings. These elevators don’t seem to be meant for traveler transport and resist more challenging operating conditions; that is why their interiors are targeted in sturdy style, with significant steel walls and floors, instead of many engaging interiors.

Freight elevators must be sensible instead of engaging; that is why they’re for max safety and will embrace steel wall panels, a vital steel floor, and a strengthened gate. An elevator can sometimes embrace vertical gap doors. Older models may even operate by hand wood gates.

Here is where you may see freight elevators:

  • Automobile dealerships
  • Warehouses
  • Retail areas
  • Residential areas


A food elevator, maybe a tiny elevator. It’s usually for the transport of food in restaurants. However, they occupy a place in each industrial, public, and personal building.

Elevator hoist systems

Another necessary manner the building influences elevator style is in choosing the most effective hoist system.

Understanding the terminology between numerous varieties of elevator hoist systems can assist you in confirming that models or varieties of elevators are also the foremost acceptable for your building.

Common varieties of elevator hoist systems include:

●   Hydraulic Elevators

This type of hoist system is sometimes solely utilized in low-rise buildings, generally up to 6 stories high, or to move very significant hundreds; pistons raise hydraulic elevators from below. These elevators need a lot more energy to control than different elevator models because of the introduction of machine-room-less elevators with high-efficiency machines and drives, which, for the most part, have been replaced within the elevator market.

●   Traction Elevators

This type of traction elevator system operates via a pulley-block system, mistreatment steel ropes or belts, and a counterweight to maneuver the cabin up and down. There are two varieties of traction elevators:

  • Gearless Traction
  • Double-geared

Gearless traction elevators have advanced resolution, with a wheel hooked up to the motor and counterweights to operate the hoisting system.

Double-geared traction uses a gear case to show the hoisting sheave and raise the elevator. These systems are generally slower than gearless systems. Overall, traction elevators are generally energy-consuming and supply an electric sander and quieter ride for passengers.

Most recent traction elevators systems are generally gearless traction, which considers the foremost energy and are economical resolutions on the market.

With advancing technology, it’s now not obligatory to own an elevator machine space to accommodate the machine and drive elements.

●   Machine room-less (MRL) elevators

Machine roomless elevators may be either traction or hydraulic. By incorporating many compact hoisting sheaves, these do not need a machine space to control the rise. Also, the machine is found directly within the elevator hoistway, which provides the optimum use of the area for the building style.

●   Machine room (MR) elevators

Machine room elevators may be either traction or hydraulic. In traction elevators, the machine space often finds a place on top of the hoistway; what can also place it at rock bottom of the hoistway or in an exceedingly large space adjacent to the elevator bank.


No matter the kind of elevator you like to deploy, it’s necessary to make sure you comply together with your building codes and standards. We’re happy to assist you in exploring your elevator choices and make sure that you’re up to code. Contact the elevator traction systems to induce a start and implement the best elevator.

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About the Author: Vijay Aegis

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