Which Are Best Castings For Valves?

The valve is meant to modify the passage and flow pattern of the medium. It can diversify, shut down, modulate, throat, inspect, split and overflow relief. Valve castings are control components in the pipeline liquid distribution network. Castings for valves can be done in a wide range of dimensions and forms.

Chemical, petrochemical, oil, paper, mining, power plants, liquefied oil, food, pharmaceutical, water supply and drainage, municipal, mechanical, electronic, urban development, etc., all need valve casting.

The most common are check valves, butterfly valves, ball valves, gate valves, control valves, globe valves, plug valves, and other valve castings.

Types of Valve castings

Gate Valve Casting

Steam, liquid, air, oil, gases, and quasi fluids can all be operated with steel gate valve castings. These valve castings are made to withstand extreme temperatures and pressures. Different gate valve castings are customizable according to the customer’s needs.

Globe Valve Casting

The pharmaceutical, chemical, and petrochemical sectors all utilize globe valve casting. Globe Valve Casting is in high demand in this sector. It possesses long-lasting and stable characteristics, making it one of the best castings for valves. Customers like it because of its ease of installation, good strength.

Ball Valve Casting

The casting of ball valves is the most popular. Customers like it because of its affordable rates and reliable quality. With their rigid structure, broader services, and standard dimensions, these castings are widely utilized in railway sectors for air dryer installations.

Check valve Casting

The check valve is distinct from other types of valves. Their main skill is the capacity to transfer fluid in only one way at a time. This functionality is quite useful in a variety of situations, especially when it comes to minimizing overflow.

Butterfly valve Casting

A butterfly valve is a shut-off valve with a straightforward design required in  castings for valves. The disc stops the valve hole in the closed position while the disc is rotated to enable flow in the open position. The butterfly valve provides for fast opening and closing by turning a quarter turn from completely open to fully closed or the other way around.

The body, seat, operator or valve handle, and disc are the four main elements of a butterfly valve.

Process of Valve Investment Casting

Process 1:

Sand Casting

Sand Casting is another valve component casting process. The sand casting may be manufactured of both iron and steel valve castings. This castings for valves is more suited than lost foam and lost wax castings for larger valve parts. The greatest weight per item we can cast is around 2 tonnes.

Process 2:

Lost wax casting:

Steel valve components are cast by lost wax casting like coal steel, stainless steel, and other cast steel alloys. Wax casting is a highly accurate casting method for valve systems. In this way, we may get better measurements, standards, and a finer surface. Stainless steel valve casting components are usually used in Silica sol casting technology, another lost wax process. The lost wax casting process may manufacture butterfly valves, ball valves, and other valves.

Process 3:

Lost Foam Casting:

This castings for valves method is ideal for producing accurate cast iron valve components. It might also have a good surface quality and size. For example, net form or close-net valve castings do not require machining or a limited processing capacity.

When it comes to the sorts of tests performed on valve body castings, the most common ones are airtightness, salt spray, hardness, MT, UT, PT, and RT. The quality of valve body casting may be assured by the tests mentioned above.



Most of all, valve casting makes replacement components easier and less time-consuming when existing valve systems break down and degrade.

After castings for valves is done for large-diameter valve casting components, magnetic particle testing and ultrasonic testing are required to minimize casting flaws.

The following are the materials used in valve casting parts:

Components, including valve spools, seats, and bodies, often have variable corrosion, temperature, and wear resistance. The following materials are widely used in high-pressure water applications:

Ductile iron: It is known for its inexpensive cost and widespread availability; ductile iron also has the advantage of absorbing stress quickly. Ductile iron, on the other hand, has low corrosion resistance.

Brass and bronze: These valves are likewise less expensive and more commonly accessible. Corrosion resistance is an extra benefit over ductile iron.

316 stainless steel: These castings for valves are more costly than cast iron, brass, and bronze because of their superior corrosion resistance.

Monel: It is a nickel-copper alloy with a high melting point. Monel is a corrosion-resistant metal. It’s most commonly used to clad valve trim components.

Inconel: It is a nickel-chromium-iron alloy that is used to handle corrosive conditions at high temperatures.

Seals, gaskets, and packing are generally made of the following materials:


Polyurethane: This tough substance can withstand temperatures of up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit, pressures of up to 6,000 pounds per square inch, and has good abrasion resistance.

Viton: Viton is a chemically resistant material that performs well in high-temperature applications.

PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene): It is a low-friction substance that can withstand a wide variety of pressures and temperatures.

Glass-filled PTFE: It is a kind of PTFE that has had glass added to it to increase mechanical characteristics, including wear resistance and heat transmission.

PEEK: Polyetherketone is an excellent choice for steam applications. It usually has greater temperature ratings and is resistant to corrosion.


In conclusion, there are several advantages to purchasing valve casting components. Such as a diverse material selection, a variety of casting processes, and machining services, to name a few. Castings for valves such as Steel valves can be manufactured in large quantities from a variety of materials and are more cost-efficient. Components that have been forged are also available.


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About the Author: Vijay Aegis

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